A rational model of word skipping in reading: ideal integration of visual and linguistic information
- Yunyan Duan, Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States
- Klinton Bicknell, Duolingo AI research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
AbstractDuring reading, readers intentionally do not fixate a word when highly confident in its identity. In a rational model of reading, word skipping decisions should be complex functions of the particular word, linguistic context, and visual information available. In contrast, simple heuristic of reading only predicts additive effects of word and context features. Here we test these predictions by implementing a rational model with Bayesian inference, and predicting human skipping with the entropy of this model's posterior distribution. Results showed a significant effect of the entropy in predicting skipping above a strong baseline model including word and context features. This pattern held for entropy measures from rational models with a frequency prior but not from ones with a 5-gram prior. These results suggest complex interactions between visual input and linguistic knowledge as predicted by the rational model of reading, and a dominant role of frequency in making skipping decisions.
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