Conditionals, Individual Variation, and the Scorekeeping Task

Abstract

In this manuscript we study individual variation in the interpretation of conditionals by establishing individual profiles of the participants based on their behavioral responses and reflective attitudes. In order to investigate the participants’ reflective attitudes we introduce a new experimental paradigm called the Scorekeeping Task, and a Bayesian mixture model tailored to analyze the data. The goal is thereby to identify the participants who follow the Suppositional Theory of condi-tionals and Inferentialism and to investigate their performance on the uncertain and-to-if inference task.


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