Reducing overconfidence in forecasting with repeated judgement elicitation

Abstract

Overconfidence is the tendency for people to underestimate the true range of uncertainty regarding unknown or future values. It results in observed outcomes falling outside people’s estimated ranges more often than their stated confidence would suggest. Previous research has, however, demonstrated various ways of reducing this bias and the More-Or-Less-Elicitation (MOLE) tool has been designed to take these into account while leading people through an elicitation. Previous research showed MOLE’s benefit on a visual estimation task but real world elicitation is more likely to involve forecasting future values. The current study compared forecast ranges, for 7 and 28 day windows, elicited via the MOLE and direct estimation. A significant reduction in overconfidence (the mismatch between stated confidence and the proportion of ranges containing the true value) was observed – from more than 25% to only 7%. We conclude that the MOLE is a useful tool for assisting forecasting.


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