The Role of Certainty and Time Delay in Students’ Cheating Decisions during Online Testing


In an attempt to assist proctors to prevent test takers from academic dishonesty in remotely administrated exams, this study investigated the ability of test takers’ behaviors during online assessments to predict their cheating decisions. Specifically, this experimental study focused on the role of students’ time delay and certainty rating during lab based online testing sessions. The analysis of hierarchical logistic regression indicated that not only time delay but also certainty rating had significantly statistical relation to test takers’ cheating decisions. The importance of the two proposed factors during online assessments was discussed and the prospects of the improvements of online proctoring systems were addressed.

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