An ERP study of Japanese cleft constructions in context

Masataka YanoKyushu University, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
Yuki TateyamaKyushu University, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
Yoan KimKyushu University, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan
Tsutomu SakamotoKyushu University, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

Abstract

This study examined the processing of two types of Japanese causative cleft constructions (subject-gap vs. object-gap) by conducting an event-related brain potential (ERP) experiment to clarify the processing mechanism of long-distance dependencies. The results demonstrated that the subject-gap constructions elicited larger P600 effects compared with object-gap constructions. Based on these findings, we argue that the linear distance between the extracted argument (filler) and its original gap position is a crucial factor in determining the processing costs in Japanese causative cleft constructions.

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