Event Participants and Verbal Semantics: Non-Discrete Structure in English, Spanish and Mandarin
- Lilia Rissman, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
- Kyle Rawlins, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
- Barbara Landau, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
AbstractVerbs are widely analyzed as functions taking a discrete number of arguments (e.g., drink has two arguments but give has three). Recent studies, however, suggest that English verbs encode Instruments as more or less salient (e.g., the Instrument is more salient for slice, less salient for eat). We conducted a judgment task with adult speakers of Spanish and Mandarin and found that verbs in these languages also encode Instruments as having a relative degree of salience, inconsistent with the discrete model of participant encoding.
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