Gradually ascending sound with accelerating automatic driving vehicle might change passengers’ tension or anxiety: analysis of biometrical index.

Abstract

When people ride an autonomous car, they might feel anxiety because they cannot know how it may move. Adding artificially augmented signals, which represent coming changes of the vehicle, it may be useful to reduce anxiety by change expectation. Thus we executed an experiment examining whether ascending sound could decrease passenger's anxiety, while riding on virtual autonomous car. In the experiment, participants saw 360-degree computer-graphics world through a head-mounted-display. The stimuli were views from a moving car with 2 speed (19 and 320 km/h), half of which was added ascending and descending sound at first / last 6 secs. Results of the heart-wave analysis as biometric index, i.e., index of sympathetic nervous (LF/HL), showed a marginal interaction between existence of sounds and the vehicle speed; while sounds reduced participants’ anxiety with high-speed condition, they showed higher tension with sound at slow-speed conditions.


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