In this study, the relationship between prior recall and recognition and its effects on false memory was investigated using low and high confusable phonological associates. Participants who had falsely recalled critical words in an earlier phase were less likely to falsely recognize them later. This pattern of results is in contrast with veridical memory, where participants were more likely to recognize a word after correctly recalling it earlier. We further investigated this phenomenon with the remember-know paradigm, and found that recognition of prior recalled words was associated with more remember responses while recognition of falsely recalled critical words was associated with more know responses. These findings suggest that the underlying processes for veridical and false recognition may each involve different aspects of recollection and familiarity for phonological associates.