# Even if after If then conditionals

- José A. Ruiz-Ballesteros,
*Universidad de Granada*
- Sergio Moreno-Rios,
*Universidad de Granada*

## Abstract

This study evaluates how people represent “even if”
conditionals when they have to integrate them with previous “if then”
conditionals and also make an inference. The terms in the premises were ordered
to facilitate their integration (Figure 1: If A then B; Even if B C). In half the
cases, the “even if” conditional was expressed with a negation
instead of an affirmation (If A then B; Even if not B C). Participants had to
infer what followed, given A or C. Previous results showed that in comprehension
tasks, where information had to be integrated, counterfactual conditionals seemed
to be represented with just one situation (B and C). By contrast, when people had
to make inferences with these conditionals, they seemed to represent two
situations. In any case, counterfactual seem to be represented with two
situations (B and C, and not B and C). In our task, people had to do both: to
infer and to integrate. Results showed that the use of negations and the
direction in the inference had an effect on the endorsed inferences, but the two
factors did not interact. The need to integrate premises did not block access to
the two “even if” situations in an inference task

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