The Impact of Contextual Cues on Infant Categorization

Abstract

When Infants perceive and categorize objects in natural environment, they would also found the contextual cues useful. Therefore, how this factor influences infant categorization is an important issue that worth further studying. Experiment in the present study used eye-tracking technique to accurately capture 6-month-old infants’ eye movements in a categorization task, investigating the role the contextual cues would play for categorizing animals and vehicles. The familiarity-novelty preference paradigm was adopted to assess infants’ performance of categorization. It was found that infants looked more to the pictures of vehicles than animals in both congruent and incongruent conditions during the familiarization phase. The results showed that object-context relations play a specific role in infant categorization. Keyword: infant categorization, contextual cues, eye-tracking


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