Ontological Properties of Animals in a Children’s Dictionary With and Without Common-Sense Knowledge

Abstract

The paper applies a limited version of the resources of Ontological Semantic Technology to the descriptions of animals in the American Heritage First Dictionary and constructs a partial ontology from them. The explicitly mentioned properties in the descriptions are then supplemented by common-sense knowledge that the descriptions assume available to their young readership, and the output is compared to the previous one. The results, albeit modest, shed some interesting light on the most similar and dissimilar pairs of animals, as described in text.


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