A Matter of Process Accuracy: Observing or Inferring the Criterion of Few or Many Exemplars

Abstract

Can we tailor fit the training to enhance judgment accuracy by changing to the learning format that invites the most effective cognitive process for the task environment at hand? The results from a study on multiple-cue judgments revealed that observing the cues and the criterion of exemplars simultaneously with no feedback involved in the training, a learning format predicted to invite exemplar memory processes, was the better learning option when there were few unique exemplars in training. Inferring the criteria of different exemplars and receiving outcome feedback during training, a learning format predicted to invite cue-abstraction, was the better learning option when there were many unique exemplars in training. Implications for the notion of an initial “rule bias” suggested by several previous studies are discussed.


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